Island of La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain

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A sea of clouds below the William Herschel Telescope

Due to the location of the island and the height of its mountains, some 2,400 m (7,874 ft) above sea level, a number of international observatories have been built on the Roque de los Muchachos. The particular geographical position and climate cause clouds to form between 1,000 m (3,281 ft) and 2,000 m (6,562 ft), usually leaving the observatories with a clear sky. Often, the view from the top of the volcano is a sea of clouds covering the eastern part of the island. Telescopes at the observatory include:

*  The Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes (ING) operates three telescopes: the     4.2 m     (14 ft) William Herschel Telescope, the 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) Isaac Newton     Telescope     and  the 1 m (3 ft 3 in) Jacobus Kapteyn Telescope.

*  The 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) Nordic Optical Telescope (NOT).

*  The 1 m (3 ft 3 in) Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST) operated by the Institute   for     Solar Physics.

*  The 0.45 m (1 ft 6 in) Dutch Open Telescope (DOT).

*  A 0.6 m (2 ft 0 in) optical telescope.

*  The Carlsberg Meridian Telescope (CMT).

*  The 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) Mercator Telescope.

*   The 2 m (6 ft 7 in) Liverpool Telescope.

*  The 10.4 m (34 ft) Gran Telescopio Canarias (Great Canary Telescope, dedicated     

     24 July 2009).

*   The 3.6 m (12 ft) Telescopio Nazionale Galileo (TNG).

*  The 17 m (56 ft) MAGIC Telescope, an air shower Cherenkov telescope for     observing      high energy gamma rays

*  The Super WASP-North telescope, used to detect extrasolar planets.

The DOT and the SST have been specifically built to study the Sun.

    Island of La Palma

Sea of Clouds